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Optical low coherence method for characterizing silica-based arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexers

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3 Author(s)
Takada, K. ; NTT Opto-Electron. Labs., Ibaraki, Japan ; Yamada, H. ; Inoue, Y.

We describe a powerful method for the precise measurement of optical path phase errors and power-distribution coefficients in silica-based arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexers through the use of Fourier transform spectroscopy. The theoretical accuracies for measuring these parameters are ±1° and ±5%, respectively, when the geometrical step increment of the arrayed waveguides is greater than 48 μm. The method reveals the random distributions of optical path phase errors in two multiplexers with channel spacings of 100 and 10 GHz, and proves that these distributions are the main origins of the channel crosstalk. The method predicts that when optical path phase errors are sufficiently reduced, the channel crosstalk values will decrease to -39 and -29 dB, respectively, and these limits are due to slightly deformed power distributions

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 7 )