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New Organic Crystals for Pulse Shape Discrimination

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6 Author(s)
Hull, Giulia ; Lawrence Livermore Nat. Lab., Livermore, CA ; Zaitseva, N.P. ; Cherepy, N.J. ; Newby, J.R.
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Efficient, readily-available, low-cost, high-energy neutron detectors can play a central role in detecting illicit nuclear weapons since neutrons are a strong indication for the presence of fissile material such as Plutonium and Highly-Enriched Uranium. The main challenge in detecting fast neutrons consists in the discrimination of the signal from the gamma radiation background. At present, the only well-investigated organic crystal scintillator for fast neutron detection, in a n/gamma mixed field, is stilbene, which while offering good pulse shape discrimination, is not widely used because of its limited availability and high cost.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 3 )