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3D stacked chip technology using bottom-up electroplated TSVs

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6 Author(s)

In this study, bottom-up electroplating is used for TSV (Through Silicon via) fabrication. With the metal temporarily bonding technology, we could remove the handling substrate and perform the chip stacking process. The TSVs made by bottom-up electroplating do not need the expensive MOCVD seed layer deposition and special designed electroplater/solution. Moreover, it is independent with the DRIE angle and the scallop at the sidewall of the vias. By using the bottom-up electroplating technology, we could fabricate the TSVs in much shorter process time to save the process cost. From the X-Ray images and the SEM pictures, the diameter of the vias is 5.3 micron meters and the length of the vias is 67 micron meters. The aspect ratio of the bottom-up electroplated TSVs is larger than 12 and all the vias are definitely void free. X-Ray image also shows the process yield is very high. After the thermal shock reliability test, the resistance measurement and the vias are fine from the SEM pictures. There is no crack found at the sidewall of the vias. After the TSV process, the bonded electrode continues to serve as electrode for the mask-less Sn electroplating. The electroplating current goes through the bottom electrode TSVs and the Sn is electroplated on the TSVs without mask define. Sn bump served as mechanical and electrical connection. We also demonstrate the dry etching process for wafer thinning on a 170degC thermal release tape with handling substrate. After the etching process, the thickness of the chip is about 5 mum and then it is released from the handling substrate successfully. For thin wafer handling technology, we proposed a metal temporarily bonding technology. Au to Au bonding is used here for metal temporarily bonding. After the wafer thinning process, the sample could sustain high temperature process without crack and could be removed from the handling substrate after the process. This study also demonstrates the process flow for the 3D chip stacking by us- ing the bottom-up electroplated TSVs. The handling substrate is removed by metal temporarily bonding technology and the interconnection is done by Cu/Sn bump. Based on this technology, the TSVs in the 3D chip stacking could be made in shorter electroplating time and low cost way by a traditional electroplater.

Published in:

Electronic Components and Technology Conference, 2009. ECTC 2009. 59th

Date of Conference:

26-29 May 2009

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