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Nowadays, with rapid popularization and development of the Internet, Ontology plays a more important role in the design of information system. But in the construction of teaching resource library, there seldom involve in ontology technology. So this paper proposes a design and development framework for teaching resource library system that uses ontology technology. The use of ontology can more effectively support the construction of resource library. It can also support teachers and students to conveniently share and reuse course knowledge via Internet or Intranet in e-learning. This paper performs the following tasks: (1) introduction semantic web, ontology and knowledge model; (2) discussion of knowledge ontology construction method; (3) demonstration an example of ontology; (4) presentation of a framework for teaching resource library based on ontology and implementation of a simple prototype system; (5) conclusion and expectation of the further work.