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A hierarchical multi-agent system that exploits one (or more) semantic lexicon for performing semantic markup of Web resources is presented. Semantic lexicon is considered here as a golden ontology defining taxonomical relations among concepts such as hypernymy, meronymy, holonymy and so forth. The system attempts to annotate Web resources according to the available taxonomical relations using simple annotation schemes. The system is completely autonomous if the chosen golden ontology is provided by linguistic experts as it happens for WordNet. The proposed conceptual architecture has been applied to real-world scenarios for test purposes, obtaining promising results.