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Impact of EMC Filters on the Power Density of Modern Three-Phase PWM Converters

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2 Author(s)
Heldwein, M.L. ; Power Electron. Inst. (INEP), Fed. Univ. of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil ; Kolar, J.W.

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) filters are typically included in offline power converters, controlling electromagnetic emissions, but adding volume to power electronic systems. During the last decades, one of the main objectives of the power electronics industry has been the increase of the power density. Thus, it is reasonable to analyze how filters affect power density values, imposing limits or ldquobarriersrdquo to it. The impact of the EMC filters on the overall volume of three-phase pulsewidth modulation (PWM) converters is studied here for converters in the range of 5-10 kW. An analytical procedure based on the volume minimization of the EMC filters is proposed to estimate the total filter volume as function of the converters' rated power and switching frequency. With this, the minimum volume for EMC filters that allow the converters to comply with EMC standards regarding conducted emissions can be estimated and volume limitations identified. A discussion about the limits of power density for the considered three-phase PWM converters for state-of-the-art power semiconductors is performed, and optimum switching frequencies are identified. An experimental verification is carried out, which validates the achieved results.

Published in:

Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 6 )