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A low-noise, wide-band CMOS charge-sensitive preamplifier for use with APD/LSO PET detectors

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4 Author(s)
Paulus, M.J. ; CTI Inc., Knoxville, TN, USA ; Rochelle, J.M. ; Andreaco, M.S. ; Binkley, D.M.

The recent emergence of LSO as a potential scintillator for positron emission tomography (PET) and recent improvements in avalanche photodiode (APD) technology offer encouragement that an APD/LSO based PET detector may be commercially viable in the near future. An important component of any APD/LSO based PET detector will be the preamplifier used to read out the low-level detector signals. Due to the large number of detectors (>18,000) in a high-resolution PET scanner, the preamplifier must be implemented as a monolithic integrated circuit. Additionally, in order to achieve the timing resolution required for high resolution PET, the preamplifier must have a large band-width and a low equivalent input noise voltage. This paper presents a CMOS charge-sensitive preamplifier design which uses local feedback to improve the performance of the common gate transistor. The modified cascode circuit is analyzed and compared with a previously reported simple folded cascode circuit. A prototype circuit was fabricated in a 2 μm NWELL CMOS process. The prototype amplifier has a measured 10-90% rise-time of 7 ns with an external input capacitance of ~6 pF and has an equivalent input noise voltage of ~1.1 nV/rt-Hz above the flicker noise corner. A pulse height resolution of 14.3% FWHM and a timing resolution of 1.57 ns FWHM (vs. Plastic) were obtained with the preamplifier, an Advanced Photonix 5 mm diameter beveled-edge APD and 3.5×3.5×22 mm3 Teflon wrapped LSO crystal

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 3 )