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A FLASH digital phase-locked loop (DPLL) is designed using 0.18 Â¿m CMOS process and a 3.3 V power supply. It operates in the frequency range 200 MHz - 2 GHz. The DPLL operation includes two stages: (1) a novel coarse-tuning stage based on a flash algorithm similar to the algorithm employed in flash A/D converters, and (2) a fine-tuning stage similar to conventional DPLLs. The flash portion of the DPLL is made up of frequency comparators, an encoder, and a decoder which drives a multiple charge pump (CP)/lowpass filter (LPF) combination. Design considerations of the flash DPLL circuit components as well as implementation using Cadence design tools are presented. Spectre simulations demonstrated a significant improvement in the lock time of the flash DPLL as compared to the conventional DPLL. By increasing the number of frequency comparators, the lock time is expected to be always less than 100 ns .
Date of Conference: 27-29 April 2009