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Programming languages such as Java and C++ provide exception-handling constructs to handle exception conditions. Applications are expected to handle these exception conditions and take necessary recovery actions such as releasing opened database connections. However, exception-handling rules that describe these necessary recovery actions are often not available in practice. To address this issue, we develop a novel approach that mines exception-handling rules as sequence association rules of the form ldquo(FCc 1...FCc n) nland FCa rArr (FCe 1...FCe m)rdquo. This rule describes that function call FCa should be followed by a sequence of function calls (FCe 1...FCe m) when FCa is preceded by a sequence of function calls (FCe 1...FCc n). Such form of rules is required to characterize common exception-handling rules. We show the usefulness of these mined rules by applying them on five real-world applications (including 285 KLOC) to detect violations in our evaluation. Our empirical results show that our approach mines 294 real exception-handling rules in these five applications and also detects 160 defects, where 87 defects are new defects that are not found by a previous related approach.
Date of Conference: 16-24 May 2009