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Observation of fast scintillation light in a PbF2:Gd crystal

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3 Author(s)
Woody, C.L. ; Brookhaven Nat. Lab., Upton, NY, USA ; Stoll, S.P. ; Kierstead, J.A.

A weak scintillation emission has been observed in a lead fluoride crystal doped with 0.15% gadolinium (PbF2:Gd). The scintillation is produced by two emission peaks, one at ~278 nm, and another at ~311 nm, which, when combined with the Cherenkov light produced in the crystal, results in a total light yield of 4-6 photo-electrons per MeV on a bialkali photocathode phototube. This is approximately 3-4 times the intensity of the pure Cherenkov light produced in an undoped lead fluoride crystal. The decay time for the observed light output was found to be ~18 ns with no appreciable slow component. The total light yield of PbF2:Gd is comparable to that of lead tungstate, and, because of the lack of a slow component, could make it attractive for certain high rate applications

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 3 )