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Spaceborne interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) is a well established technique useful in many land applications, such as tectonic movements, landslide monitoring and digital elevation model extraction. One of its major limitations is the atmospheric effect, and in particular the high water vapour spatial and temporal variability which introduces an unknown delay in the signal propagation. On the other hand, these effects might be exploited, so as InSAR could become a tool for high-resolution water vapour mapping. This paper describes the approach and some preliminary results achieved in the framework of an ESA funded project devoted to the mitigation of the water vapour effects in InSAR applications. Although very preliminary, the acquired experimental data and their comparison give a first idea of what can be done to gather valuable information on water vapour, which play a fundamental role in weather prediction and radio propagation studies.