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Large vocabulary recognition of on-line handwritten cursive words

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3 Author(s)
Seni, G. ; Lexicus Div., Motorola, Palo Alto, CA, USA ; Srihari, R.K. ; Nasrabadi, N.

This paper presents a writer independent system for large vocabulary recognition of on-line handwritten cursive words. The system first uses a filtering module, based on simple letter features, to quickly reduce a large reference dictionary (lexicon) to a more manageable size; the reduced lexicon is subsequently fed to a recognition module. The recognition module uses a temporal representation of the input, instead of a static two-dimensional image, thereby preserving the sequential nature of the data and enabling the use of a Time-Delay Neural Network (TDNN); such networks have been previously successful in the continuous speech recognition domain. Explicit segmentation of the input words into characters is avoided by sequentially presenting the input word representation to the neural network-based recognizer. The outputs of the recognition module are collected and converted into a string of characters that is matched against the reduced lexicon using an extended Damerau-Levenshtein function. Trained on 2,443 unconstrained word images (11 k characters) from 55 writers and using a 21 k lexicon we reached a 97.9% and 82.4% top-5 word recognition rate on a writer-dependent and writer-independent test, respectively

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 7 )