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Dynamic Manipulability of Multifingered Grasping

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3 Author(s)
Yasuyoshi Yokokohji ; Dept. of Mech. Eng. & Sci., Kyoto Univ., Kyoto, Japan ; Jose San Martin ; Masaki Fujiwara

In this paper, we extend the concept of dynamic manipulability to evaluate the dynamic property of multifingered grasping systems consisting of a multifingered hand and a grasped object, and propose a measure of dynamic manipulability of multifingered grasping. Similar to the original dynamic manipulability, the proposed measure evaluates the mapping from a set of realizable joint torques to a set of resultant accelerations of the grasped object, which forms an ellipsoid under a constant internal force constraint. It is clearly shown that the internal forces not only affect the volume of the ellipsoid, but also the amount of offset of the ellipsoid, while the gravity forces simply induce an offset. A new measure, i.e., omnidirectionality, is introduced to add a penalty to the original manipulability measure, which simply evaluates the volume of the ellipsoid, depending on how much the ellipsoid is offset. Numerical examples by using a simple two-fingered robot hand are shown to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed measure.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Robotics  (Volume:25 ,  Issue: 4 )