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Electromagnetic Analysis of the Voltage-Temperature Characteristics of the ITER TF Conductor Samples

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3 Author(s)
Breschi, M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Bologna, Bologna, Italy ; Ribani, P.L. ; Bellina, F.

The measurement of the current sharing temperature of a Cable in Conduit Conductor is a complex task. The voltage traces measured on the conduit (jacket) of these conductors during tests, give V-I characteristics that significantly differ from the typical transition from the superconducting to the resistive state measured on single strands. In these measurements, after an initial ramping of the transport current up to the test value, the temperature is increased by steps until the resistive transition occurs. However, even in the first phase of the current ramping, when the cable is still fully or almost superconductive, early voltages are measured along the jacket at different angular positions around the cable. In particular, this was observed in the ITER TF conductors recently tested in the SULTAN facility at Villigen PSI, Switzerland. These samples showed significant ramps of voltages taken in the proximity of the joints and terminations. The present paper gives a possible qualitative and quantitative explanation for this mechanism. Numerical simulations are also shown which reproduce the scattering of the voltages measured around the jacket at a given location, showing the effect of the voltage taps position along the jacket in a six sub-cable model.

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 3 )