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Design and Experimental Results of Three-Phase Superconducting Fault Current Limiter Using Highly-Resistive YBCO Tapes

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12 Author(s)
Yazawa, T. ; Power & Ind. Syst. R&D Center, Toshiba Corp., Yokohama, Japan ; Koyanagi, K. ; Takahashi, M. ; Ono, M.
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As one of the programs in the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) R&D project on coated conductors, we developed a three-phase 6.6 kV superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) and conducted some evaluation tests. The developed SFCL mainly comprised a set of three-phase current-limiting coils installed in a sub-cooled nitrogen cryostat with a Gifford-McMahon (GM) cryocooler, circuit breakers, and a sequence control circuit. Two tapes were wound in parallel in each limiting coil to obtain a rated current of 72 A rms. AC characteristics of each coil were measured, and relevant performance metrics were obtained. The whole system was installed in a cubicle. Short circuit experiments were then conducted with a short circuit generator. In a three-line ground fault test, the SFCL successfully restricted a short circuit current of over 1.56 kA to about 840 A with an applied voltage of 6.6 kV. The system integration ability and the obtained data show the promise of this approach for practical implementation. The SFCL was ready for user field tests.

Published in:

Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 3 )