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A novel laser-alignment system for tracking detectors using transparent silicon strip sensors

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3 Author(s)
W. Blum ; Max-Planck-Inst. fur Phys., Munchen, Germany ; H. Kroha ; P. Widmann

Modern large-area precision tracking detectors require increasing accuracy for the alignment of their components. A novel multi-point laser-alignment system has been developed for such applications, in particular for the muon spectrometer of the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider. The position of the detector components is monitored with respect to reference laser beams using semi-transparent optical position sensors at multiple consecutive stations. The custom designed sensors work on the principle of silicon strip photodiodes. Two types of transparent strip sensors, based on crystalline and on amorphous silicon as active material, have been studied. The sensors provide two-dimensional position measurement with an order of 1 μm resolution uniformly over a transverse range of several centimeters. Light transmission rates of >90% have been achieved at selected wavelengths using laser diodes. This will enable us to place more than 10 sensors along one laser beam. Custom-designed integrated readout electronics are being developed for the sensor systems

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 3 )