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Discriminant adaptive nearest neighbor classification

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2 Author(s)
Hastie, T. ; Dept. of Stat. & Biostat., Stanford Univ., Palo Alto, CA, USA ; Tibshirani, R.

Nearest neighbour classification expects the class conditional probabilities to be locally constant, and suffers from bias in high dimensions. We propose a locally adaptive form of nearest neighbour classification to try to ameliorate this curse of dimensionality. We use a local linear discriminant analysis to estimate an effective metric for computing neighbourhoods. We determine the local decision boundaries from centroid information, and then shrink neighbourhoods in directions orthogonal to these local decision boundaries, and elongate them parallel to the boundaries. Thereafter, any neighbourhood-based classifier can be employed, using the modified neighbourhoods. The posterior probabilities tend to be more homogeneous in the modified neighbourhoods. We also propose a method for global dimension reduction, that combines local dimension information. In a number of examples, the methods demonstrate the potential for substantial improvements over nearest neighbour classification

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Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 6 )