By Topic

Effect of N to Ga flux ratio on the GaN surface morphologies grown at high temperature by plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $31
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Tsai, Jenn-Kai ; Department of Physics, Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China ; Lo, Ikai ; Chuang, Keng-Lin ; Li-Wei Tu
more authors

Your organization might have access to this article on the publisher's site. To check, click on this link: 

The surface morphology of GaN epitaxial films grown by plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy has been investigated. We found that the surface morphology was sensitive to the N to Ga flux ratio (N/Ga) when grown at a high temperature (i.e., 788 °C). At that temperature, we did not observe large sized Ga droplets on the surface even at Ga-rich conditions. Furthermore, we found a transition from two-dimensional (2D) to three-dimensional (3D) growth in the intermediate Ga-stable regime. The slope of the growth rate was different: Slope=(0.39±0.06) was observed in the 2D-growth mode and (0.14±0.03) in the 3D-growth mode. In the high N/Ga ratio, the total dislocation concentration was reduced, and the mixed threading dislocation concentration had a minimum value at N/Ga=22.5. By comparing with the Hall carrier concentration results, we found that the mixed threading dislocations influence the number of electronic carriers. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:95 ,  Issue: 2 )