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We present a deterministic number theoretic construction for matrices with the restricted isometry property (RIP). Furthermore, we show that the number theoretic properties of our RIP matrices allow their products with discrete Fourier transform (DFT) matrices to be well approximated via a few highly sparse matrix multiplications. Hence, our RIP matrices may be approximately multiplied by the DFT of any input vector in sublinear-time by reading only a small fraction of its entries. As a consequence, we obtain small deterministic sample sets which are guaranteed to allow the recovery of near-optimal sparse Fourier representations for all periodic functions having an integrable second derivative over a single period. Explicit bounds are provided for the sizes of our RIP matrices, the sizes of their associated sublinear Fourier sampling sets, and the errors incurred by quickly approximating their products with DFT matrices. The Fourier sampling requirements obtained herein improve on previous deterministic Fourier sampling results in , .