High-quality InN layers grown on sapphire substrates by plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy were characterized using monoenergetic positron beams. The carrier concentrations of the films were controlled by Si doping (2.1×1018 to 1.4×1019 cm-3), and the highest obtained Hall mobility was 1300 cm2 V-1 s-1. The Doppler broadening spectra of the annihilation radiation and the lifetime spectra of positrons were measured as a function of the incident positron energy for undoped and Si-doped InN films. The line-shape parameter S increased with increasing carrier concentration, suggesting the introduction of vacancy-type defects by a Fermi-level effect. The major defect species were varied with carrier concentration, and its species were identified as In vacancies (VIn) or their related defects.