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Experiments for optical neutron detection using nuclear pumped laser

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6 Author(s)
Sakasai, K. ; Advanced Sci. Res. Centre, JAERI, Ibaraki, Japan ; Kakuta, T. ; Yamagishi, H. ; Nakazawa, M.
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Since the nuclear pumped laser technique can be applied to the optical detection of neutrons, numerical simulations and demonstration experiments have been carried out for He-Ne-Ar mixtures. Test cells filled with 3He gas (1140 torr), Ne gas (540 torr) and Ar gas (208 torr) were irradiated with a thermal neutron flux up to about 10 12 n/cm2/s at JRR-4 reactor, JAERI. In these experiments, an optical output of 585.3 nm from Ne 3p-3s transitions was clearly observed. Its intensity was almost proportional to the thermal neutron flux, and these results agree with those of the numerical simulation. This system can be applied to optical neutron detection. The simulation results show that the population inversion between 3p'[1/2] 0, and 3s'[1/2]01 levels of neon atom for the cell can be achieved at the thermal neutron flux of much higher than 1012 n/cm2/s. It is also estimated that the threshold thermal neutron flux for the population inversion is about 3×1012 n/cm2/s for the gas cell filled with optimized gas mixtures

Published in:

Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, 1995., 1995 IEEE  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

21-28 Oct 1995

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