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We present an optical model for thin-film silicon solar cells (both single and multijunction) with nanorough surfaces/interfaces. For these cells, the optical absorptance within each layer and the total reflectance are computed taking into account roughness, angular distribution of scattered light, thicknesses, and optical constants of all layers. In the model, we combine coherent approach, scattering theory, and Monte Carlo tracing method. Results of the model are shown to be in good agreement with the experimentally measured spectral response and the total reflectance of solar cells. Some predictions of the ultimate solar cell performance based on the model are presented as well.