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Branched carbon nanofiber network synthesis at room temperature using radio frequency supported microwave plasmas

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6 Author(s)
Boskovic, Bojan O. ; Advanced Technology Institute, School of Electronics and Physical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom ; Stolojan, Vlad ; Zeze, Dagou A. ; Forrest, Roy D.
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Carbon nanofibers have been grown at room temperature using a combination of radio frequency and microwave assisted plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The nanofibers were grown, using Ni powder catalyst, onto substrates kept at room temperature by using a purposely designed water-cooled sample holder. Branched carbon nanofiber growth was obtained without using a template resulting in interconnected carbon nanofiber network formation on substrates held at room temperature. This method would allow room-temperature direct synthesized nanofiber networks over relatively large areas, for a range of temperature sensitive substrates, such as organic materials, plastics, and other polymers of interest for nanoelectronic two-dimensional networks, nanoelectromechanical devices, nanoactuators, and composite materials.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:96 ,  Issue: 6 )