Double heterostructure (DH) and quantum well (QW) EuSe/PbSe/Pb1-xEuxSe edge-emitting laser structures on Si substrates are grown by molecular-beam epitaxy. They operate up to 250 K when pumped with 870 nm low-cost laser diodes with peak powers of ∼7 W, and emit up to 200 mW peak output power at ∼5 μm wavelength. Differential quantum efficiencies are up to 20%. The threshold powers are limited by Shockley–Read recombination due to the high dislocation densities (108 cm-2) in the active layers. Nearly similar maximum operation temperatures were observed when employing (111)—instead of (100)—oriented layers, as well when using QW rather than DH structures. Reduction of dislocation densities to 107 cm-2 is feasible and will lead to nearly an order of magnitude lower threshold powers. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.