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Block classification for an adaptive 1-D/2-D DCT video coding

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2 Author(s)
K. H. Tan ; Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore ; M. Ghanbari

A classification scheme for an adaptive one- or two-dimensional discrete cosine transform (1-D/2-D DCT) technique is described and demonstrated to be a more appropriate strategy than the conventional 2-D DCT for coding motion compensated prediction error images. Two block-based classification methods are introduced and their accuracy in predicting the correct transform type discussed. The accuracy is assessed with a classification measure designed to ascertain the effectiveness of energy compaction when the predicted transform class is applied; vis-a-vis horizontally, vertically or two-dimensionally transformed blocks. Energy compaction is a useful property not only for efficient entropy coding but also for enhancing the resilience of the transform coder to quantisation noise. Improvements against the homogeneous 2-D DCT system both in terms of the peak signal to noise ratio and subjective assessments are achieved. Observable ringing artifacts along edges, which are usual in conventional transform coding, are reduced

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IEE Proceedings - Vision, Image and Signal Processing  (Volume:143 ,  Issue: 3 )