In contrast to all magnetic resonance investigations previously performed using magnetic fluids (MFs) based on spinel ferrite nanoparticles, cadmium–ferrite-based MFs present an intense, relatively sharp resonance line near g=4, in addition to the typical, broad structure near g=2. The broad resonance structure is associated with larger cadmium–ferrite nanoparticles, whereas the sharp resonance line is associated with ultrasmall cadmium–ferrite nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) data confirm the bimodal particle size distribution in the sample investigated. The temperature T dependence of the resonance field HR is almost linear, for both high-field (HF) and low-field (LF) resonance lines, in the range of 100–300 K. In support of the identification of the HF line (around g=2) and LF line (around g=4) with larger and smaller Cd–ferrite nanoparticles, respectively, the slope of the HR versus T curve is lower for the HF line (1.3 G/K) compared to the LF line (1.69 G/K), whereas the intercept constant of the HF line (3050 G) is higher than the intercept constant of the LF line (1130 G). © 2003 American Institute of Physics.