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Neural network-based inversion algorithms in magnetic flux leakage nondestructive evaluation

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3 Author(s)
Ramuhalli, P. ; Materials Assessment Research Group, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 ; Udpa, L. ; Udpa, S.S.

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Magnetic flux leakage (MFL) methods are commonly used in the nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of ferromagnetic materials. An important problem in MFL NDE is the determination of flaw parameters such as the flaw length, depth, and shape (profile) from the measured values of the flux density B. Commonly used methods use a forward model in a loop to determine B for a given set of flaw parameters. This approach iteratively adjusts the flaw parameters to minimize the error between the measured and predicted values of B. This article proposes the use of neural networks as forward models. The proposed approach uses two neural networks in feedback configuration—a forward network and an inverse network. The second network is used to predict the profile given the measured value of B, and acts to constrain the solution space. Results of applying these methods to MFL data obtained from a two-dimensional finite-element model, with rectangular flaws of various dimensions, are presented. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:93 ,  Issue: 10 )