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Tailored nanoparticle films from monosized tin oxide nanocrystals: Particle synthesis, film formation, and size-dependent gas-sensing properties

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6 Author(s)
Kennedy, M.K. ; Gerhard-Mercator-University Duisburg, Process- and Aerosol Measurement Technology, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Bismarckstrasse 81, D-47057 Duisburg, Germany ; Kruis, F.E. ; Fissan, H. ; Mehta, B.R.
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In order to investigate the change of gas-sensitive properties of undoped tin oxide nanoparticle films depending on particle size, a thin film synthesis technique has been developed. Well-defined tin oxide nanoparticles have been prepared using a gas-phase condensation method. Pure SnO was used as starting material and was evaporated at T=820 °C. The resulting particles were sintered and crystallized in-flight at T=650 °C. Size-selected nanoparticles ranging from 10 to 35 nm were produced to form a nanoparticle film by means of electrostatic precipitation or low pressure impaction. The effect of in-flight oxidation, sintering, and crystallization on the structure, size, and size distribution of nanoparticles have been studied in detail. The samples show n-type semiconductors’ behavior like bulk SnO2. The influence of particle size on gas sensitivity and response behavior is investigated for C2H5OH at operating temperatures 200–300 °C using silicon substrates having an interdigitated contact pattern and an integrated heating system. In the range of 10–35 nm it has been shown unambiguously that decreasing the particle size of tin oxide particles leads to an increase of the sensitivity and a more rapid response on changing gas conditions. The effect is especially clear for films with a particle size of 20 nm or smaller. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:93 ,  Issue: 1 )