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Carbon nanotube/carbon fiber hybrid multiscale composites

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5 Author(s)
Thostenson, E.T. ; Department of Mechanical Engineering and Center for Composite Materials, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 ; Li, W.Z. ; Wang, D.Z. ; Ren, Z.F.
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Carbon nanotubes were grown directly on carbon fibers using chemical vapor deposition. When embedded in a polymer matrix, the change in length scale of carbon nanotubes relative to carbon fibers results in a multiscale composite, where individual carbon fibers are surrounded by a sheath of nanocomposite reinforcement. Single-fiber composites were fabricated to examine the influence of local nanotube reinforcement on load transfer at the fiber/matrix interface. Results of the single-fiber composite tests indicate that the nanocomposite reinforcement improves interfacial load transfer. Selective reinforcement by nanotubes at the fiber/matrix interface likely results in local stiffening of the polymer matrix near the fiber/matrix interface, thus, improving load transfer. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:91 ,  Issue: 9 )

Date of Publication:

May 2002

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