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Magnetic field scaling of relaxation curves in small particle systems

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2 Author(s)
Iglesias, Oscar ; Department de Fı´sica Fonamental, Facultat de Fı´sica, Universitat de Barcelona, Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain ; Labarta, Amı lcar

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We study the effects of the magnetic field on the relaxation of the magnetization of small monodomain noninteracting particles with random orientations and distribution of anisotropy constants. Starting from a master equation, we build up an expression for the time dependence of the magnetization which takes into account thermal activation only over barriers separating energy minima, which, in our model, can be computed exactly from analytical expressions. Numerical calculations of the relaxation curves for different distribution widths, and under different magnetic fields H and temperatures T, have been performed. We show how a T ln(t/τ0) scaling of the curves, at different T and for a given H, can be carried out after proper normalization of the data to the equilibrium magnetization. The resulting master curves are shown to be closely related to what we call effective energy barrier distributions, which, in our model, can be computed exactly from analytical expressions. The concept of effective distribution serves us as a basis for finding a scaling variable to scale relaxation curves at different H and a given T, thus showing that the field dependence of energy barriers can be also extracted from relaxation measurements. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:91 ,  Issue: 7 )