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This paper discusses a general model of differential power analysis (DPA) attacks to static logic circuits. Focusing on symmetric-key cryptographic algorithms, the proposed analysis provides a deeper insight into the vulnerability of cryptographic circuits. The main parameters that are of interest in practical DPA attacks are derived under suitable approximations, and a new figure of merit to measure the DPA effectiveness is proposed. Worst case conditions under which a cryptographic circuit should be tested to evaluate its robustness against DPA attacks are identified and analyzed. Several interesting properties of DPA attacks are also derived from the proposed model, whose fundamental expressions are compared with the counterparts of correlation power analysis attacks. The model was validated by means of DPA attacks on an FPGA implementation of the advanced encryption standard algorithm. Experimental results show that the model has a good accuracy, as its error is always lower than 2%.
Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:18 , Issue: 5 )
Date of Publication: May 2010