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Piezoelectric-field effect on electronic and optical properties of [111] InxGa1-xAs/GaAs superlattices

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1 Author(s)
Kim, B.W. ; Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute, P.O. Box 106, Yusong, Taejon, 305-600 Korea

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We theoretically analyze effects of the piezoelectric field and its screening on the electronic and optical properties including optical matrix element and spontaneous emission for InxGa1-xAs/GaAs superlattices (SLs). For the investigation we take [111] In0.15Ga0.85As/GaAs SL with three types of structures according to well/barrier widths of 40 Å/40 Å, 100 Å/100 Å, and 160 Å/160 Å. The carrier densities are assumed to be equivalent to 5×1016, 1×1017, 5×1017, 1×1018, and 5×1018cm-3 over 40 Å width in the wells. In the numerical computations, we use the computation model presented recently by [B. W. Kim, J. H. Yoo, and S. H. Kim, ETRI Journal 21, 65 (1999)]. The model self-consistently solves 8×8 (conduction, heavy, light, and spin split-off valence bands) effective-mass Schrödinger equation and the Hartree and exchange-correlation potential equations through the variational procedure. The results show that piezoelectric field causes significant changes in the electronic and optical properties; however, the screening of piezoelectric field by the carriers in the wells seems not very effective for device application. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:89 ,  Issue: 2 )