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Investigation of local current flow in polycrystalline, anisotropic superconductors using finite element simulation

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3 Author(s)
Zeimetz, B. ; Department of Materials Science and Interdisciplinary Research Centre, Cambridge University, Pembroke St., Cambridge, CB2 3QZ, United Kingdom ; Baranowski, R.P. ; Evetts, J.E.

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A finite element program was used to calculate current distributions in superconductors, assuming a nonlinear (power-law or percolation-type) local dependence of the electrical field on current density. A bicrystal geometry, which forms the basic building block of (Bi,Pb)2Sr2Ca2Cu3Ox powder-in-tube tapes and other polycrystalline conductors, was studied. Current–voltage curves and critical currents were calculated for different geometrical and electromagnetic parameters. Bicrystals of “brick-wall” and “railway-switch” geometry were compared, and it was found that in both cases anisotropy is the dominating factor determining the overall critical current. Strong anisotropy leads to current concentration around grain boundaries, thereby reducing the critical current. Addition of a grain boundary with finite resistance does not significantly change the current distribution within the grains. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:88 ,  Issue: 9 )