Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window

Townsend ionization coefficients of some argon-based mixtures in strong nonuniform electric fields

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $31
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Krajcar Bronic, Ines ; Rudjer Bošković Institute, P.O. Box 108, 10002 Zagreb, Croatia,Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Bundesallee 100, D-38116 Braunschweig, Germany ; Grosswendt, B.

Your organization might have access to this article on the publisher's site. To check, click on this link: 

The reduced Townsend ionization coefficient α/P is derived from the measurement of the mean gas amplification factor in a low-pressure (P 50 kPa) proportional counter filled with argon–propane and argon–(dimethyl-ether) mixtures of various concentrations. The results are compared with our previous α/P values for argon–isobutane mixtures [I. Krajcar Bronić and B. Grosswendt, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 142, 219 (1998)]. The range of the reduced electric field strengths was 7×104 V m-1kPa-1≤Sa≤4×106 V m-1kPa-1. In such strong electric fields electrons do not reach the equilibrium with the electric field and the reduced gas gain depends on the gas pressure. For the analysis of the experimental gas gain data we used the field gradient model of Townsend–Williams–Sara–Segur. We determined the pressure dependent coefficients A* and B* of the Townsend ionization coefficient α/P=A*×exp(-B*/Sa). We found that the coefficients increase (i) if the admixture concentration increases at constant pressure, and (ii) if the pressure decreases at constant admixture concentration. In both cases the coefficients increase with the increase of Sa. The effective ionization potential of the mixtures, Vi*=B*/A*, at low admixture concentrations reaches the ionization potential I of the admixture as a consequence of the transfer of energy from the excited metastable states of argon to ionization of the admixtu- re through the Penning effect. When α/P vs Sa curves for mixtures of different concentrations at constant total pressure are compared, crossings of the α/P curves at a certain range of Sa values are observed in all kinds of mixtures and for all pressures. We show the necessity of the crossings by taking into account the mathematical properties of the function describing the ionization coefficient. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:88 ,  Issue: 11 )

Date of Publication:

Dec 2000

Need Help?

IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.