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Langmuir probe in low temperature, magnetized plasmas: Theory and experimental verification

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3 Author(s)
Koo, Bon-Woong ; Center for Plasma-Aided Manufacturing, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706-1687 ; Hershkowitz, N. ; Sarfaty, Moshe

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Langmuir probe theory, adapted to magnetized, partially ionized, low temperature processing plasmas with radial diffusion dominated by electron-neutral collisions, was verified in electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasmas. Plasma parameters such as plasma potential, electron temperature, plasma density, and the ratio of electron saturation current to ion saturation current (Ie*/Ii*) were measured by single-sided planar probe in various ECR plasmas (H2, He, N2, O2, Ar, and CF4). The neutral pressure was varied between 0.5 and 8.5 mTorr and the microwave power between 170 and 1250 W with good matching conditions; the reflected power was kept at less than 3% of the input power. The measured ratios of Ie*/Ii*, and other plasma parameters were consistent with the probe theory for pressures greater than 2.0 mTorr for various plasmas of Ar, He, H2, and N2. These results indicate that the electron-neutral collisional probe theory works well for magnetized ECR plasmas (magnetic flux densities of 0.8–1.0 kG). © 1999 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:86 ,  Issue: 3 )