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A model of breakdown in parallel-plate detectors

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1 Author(s)
Fonte, P. ; Inst. Superior de Engenharia de Coimbra, Portugal

Parallel-plate avalanche chambers (PPACs) have many desirable properties, such as a fast, large area particle detector. However, the maximum gain is limited by a form of violent breakdown that limits the usefulness of this detector, despite its other evident qualities. The exact nature of this phenomenon is not yet sufficiently clear to sustain possible improvements. A previous experimental study is complemented in the present work by a quantitative model of the breakdown phenomenon in PPACs, based on the “streamer theory”. The model reproduces well the peculiar behavior of the external current observed in PPAC's and resistive-plate chambers. Other breakdown properties measured in PPAC's are also well reproduced

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 3 )