By Topic

Back-gate forward bias method for low-voltage CMOS digital circuits

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Ming-Jer Chen ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Jih-Shin Ho ; Tzuen-Hsi Huang ; Chuang-Hen Yang
more authors

The back-gate forward bias method suitable for present standard bulk CMOS processes has been promoted for low-voltage digital circuit application. A CMOS inverter employing the method has experimentally exhibited the ability of electrically adjusting the transition region of the dc voltage transfer characteristics. Transient measurement has further shown that the inverter with a back-gate forward bias of 0.4 V can operate at low supply voltages down to 0.6 V without significant loss in switching speed. Guidelines for ensuring proper implementation of the method in a bulk CMOS process have been set up against latch-up, parasitic bipolar, impact ionization, and stand by current. Following these guidelines, a cost-effective low power, low-voltage, high-density mixed mode CMOS analog/digital integrated circuits chip with both reasonable speed and improved precision has been projected for the first time

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 6 )