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Mechanical properties of nickel ion-implanted with titanium and carbon and their relation to microstructure

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4 Author(s)
Myers, S.M. ; Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185-1056 ; Knapp, J.A. ; Follstaedt, D.M. ; Dugger, M.T.

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Dual ion implantation of titanium and carbon into nickel was shown to produce an amorphous layer with exceptionally high strength and hardness and substantially improved tribological properties. Indentation testing at submicrometer penetrations combined with finite-element modeling permitted quantification of the intrinsic elastic and plastic properties of the amorphous layer, which was found to have a yield strength near 5 GPa. During unlubricated sliding contact with a steel pin, the implantation treatment reduced friction, suppressed adhesion-and-fracture wear, and reduced wear depth. These tribological effects may enhance the performance and lifetime of microelectromechanical systems constructed from nickel.

Published in:

Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:83 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Feb 1998

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