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Segmentation of functional MRI by K-means clustering

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4 Author(s)
M. Singh ; Dept. of Radiol., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; P. Patel ; D. Khosla ; T. Kim

A preliminary study was conducted to segment 1.5 T fMRIs into gray matter and large veins using the intensity, phase and temporal delay of activated pixels as three correlated parameters in gradient echo images. Activated pixels were identified by correlating their time-course in gradient echo images acquired during visual stimulation (a checkerboard flashing at 8 Hz) to a model. Of the stimulation `on'-`off' sequence. The temporal delay of each activated pixel was estimated by fitting its time course to a reference sinusoidal function. The mean signal intensity and phase difference of the activated pixels was computed by subtracting the average of the `on' images from the average of the `off' images. After mapping each pixel onto a three-dimensional feature space (intensity, phase shift and temporal delay), a clustering method based on a K-means algorithm was employed to classify pixels as veins or as a portion of the microvasculature. Good demarcation between large veins and activated gray matter was achieved with this method

Published in:

Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, 1995., 1995 IEEE  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

21-28 Oct 1995