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Amorphous silicon photovoltaic modules: a life cycle design case study

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2 Author(s)
Lewis, G. ; Nat. Pollution Prevention Center, Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Keoleian, G.A.

The life cycle design framework was applied to photovoltaic module design. Two metrics were used to assess life cycle energy performance of a PV module: energy payback time; and electricity production efficiency. These metrics are based on material production, manufacturing, and transportation energies, and were evaluated for several geographic locations. An aluminum frame was responsible for a significant fraction of the total energy invested in the studied module. Design options to reduce the energy impact of this and other components are discussed

Published in:

Electronics and the Environment, 1996. ISEE-1996., Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

6-8 May 1996