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Strain-conserving doping of a pseudomorphic metastable Ge0.06Si0.94 layer on Si(100) by low-dose BF2+ implantation

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6 Author(s)
Im, S. ; California Institute of Technology, MS 116-81, Pasadena, California 91125 ; Eisen, F. ; Nicolet, M.A. ; Tanner, M.O.
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A thick (260 nm) pseudomorphic metastable n-type Ge0.06Si0.94 layer grown by molecular beam epitaxy on an n-type Si(100) substrate was implanted at room temperature with 70 keV BF2+ ions to a dose of 3×1013 cm-2, so that a p-n junction was formed in the GeSi layers. The samples were subsequently annealed for 10–40 s in a lamp furnace with a nitrogen ambient, or for 30 min in a vacuum-tube furnace. The samples were characterized by 2 MeV 4He backscattering/channeling spectrometry, double-crystal x-ray diffractometry, transmission electron microscopy, and by Hall effect measurements using the van der Pauw sample geometry. Samples annealed for either 40 s or 30 min at 800 °C exhibit full electrical activation of the boron in the GeSi epilayer without losing their strain. The Hall mobility of the holes is lower than that of p-type Si doped under the same experimental conditions. These results can be attributed to the Hall factor of heavily doped p-type GeSi films which is less than unity while the Hall factor of a heavily doped p-type Si or n-type GeSi film is close to unity. When annealed at 900 °C, the strain in both implanted and unimplanted layers is partly relaxed after 30 min, whereas it is not visibly relaxed after 40 s. © 1997 American Institute of Physics.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:81 ,  Issue: 4 )