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Magnetic field effect on interface profile between immiscible nonmagnetic liquids—Enhanced Moses effect

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11 Author(s)
Sugawara, Hiroharu ; Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo, 7‐3‐1, Hongo, Bunkyo‐ku, Tokyo 113, Japan ; Hirota, N. ; Homma, Takuro ; Ohta, Masayuki
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The change in the interface profile between immiscible nonmagnetic liquids was investigated quantitatively in a superconducting magnet with a large horizontal bore. The interface profile changed into concave down or up at the field center accordingly to the balance of magnetic susceptibilities between the lower and upper liquids. A flat interface was also demonstrated when the susceptibilities were balanced. It was found that modification of the interface profile was significantly amplified under an applied field as low as 1 T when the densities of the two liquids were quite close. The morphological change induced by the applied magnetic field can be used to remove a boundary, which initially separates two liquids without the field, and to initiate a mixing process or a chemical reaction between the two liquids. © 1996 American Institute of Physics.

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Journal of Applied Physics  (Volume:79 ,  Issue: 8 )