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Precision analog demodulation technique for open-loop Sagnac fiber optic gyroscopes

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3 Author(s)
Ferreira, E.C. ; School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Campinas, 13083-970 Campinas, SP Brazil ; de Melo, F.F. ; Dias, J.A.Siqueira

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This paper presents an analog technique for the demodulation of interferometric fiber optic gyroscopes signals, based on the calculation of the mean value of the negative cycles of the measured photodetector signal from sinusoidally modulated Sagnac gyroscopes. The developed signal processing circuit was implemented and tested in a laboratory, and it was possible to detect signals as low as 5 μrad. Experimental results measured in a 890 m fiber optic coil gyroscope equipped with the developed circuit showed that the proposed circuit, when compared to the widely used and mature lock-in amplifier technique, presented a 5.1 dB higher signal-to-noise ratio. The circuit is also very stable with the temperature, since a very low drift of 0.04°/h °C was measured in a complete gyroscope system. The Brazilian research sounding rocket VSB-30 is currently being equipped with the developed demodulator circuit.

Published in:

Review of Scientific Instruments  (Volume:78 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Feb 2007

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