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Interactive delineation of brain sulci and their merging into functional PET images

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10 Author(s)
Michel, C. ; Positron Tomography Lab., Univ. Catholique de Louvain, Belgium ; Sibomana, M. ; Bodart, J.M. ; Grandin, C.
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A set of software tools has been developed to assist the neuro(physio)logist in the analysis of a series of cerebral images from single subjects by fusing sulci manually delineated on MRI brain surface into PET functional data. The procedure requires coregistered datasets and involves 4 steps: (i) segmentation of anatomical MRI data in order to extract the brain surface, (ii) generate the brain surface views by parallel ray casting, (iii) manual delineation of the relevant sulci from the surface views and (iv) fusion of the landmarks into any coregistered dataset from the same subject. The brain surface is segmented automatically from 3D MRI data using a new “Directional Watershed Transform” algorithm. From the segmented brain surface, 8 orthogonal surface views are calculated as visual support for interactive stereo definition of the major brain sulci. Each sulcus is built as a 3D trace line using a few vertices which are manually defined on one or several surface views. This technique allows one to follow the brain surface curvature rather independently of the number and the position of the vertices. The sulci are saved in an individual file for further use. The brain surface viewer is linked (via the 3D cursor position) to an independent volume viewer containing a coregistered (anatomical or functional) volume. Sulcal landmarks are finally projected onto this volume allowing further volume of interest definition. The use of the tool set is illustrated by a single subject brain activation study after 15O water injection

Published in:

Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record, 1995., 1995 IEEE  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

21-28 Oct 1995