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Large atom number Bose-Einstein condensate machines

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We describe experimental setups for producing large Bose-Einstein condensates of 23Na and 87Rb. In both, a high-flux thermal atomic beam is decelerated by a Zeeman slower and is then captured and cooled in a magneto-optical trap. The atoms are then transferred into a cloverleaf-style Ioffe-Pritchard magnetic trap and cooled to quantum degeneracy with radio-frequency-induced forced evaporation. Typical condensates contain 20×106 atoms. We discuss the similarities and differences between the techniques used for producing large 87Rb and 23Na condensates in the context of nearly identical setups.

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Review of Scientific Instruments  (Volume:77 ,  Issue: 2 )