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Pulsed Orotron—A new microwave source for submillimeter pulse high-field electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy

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8 Author(s)
Grishin, Yu.A. ; Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia ; Fuchs, M.R. ; Schnegg, A. ; Dubinskii, A.A.
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A vacuum-tube device for the generation of pulsed microwave radiation in the submillimeter range (up to 380 GHz) is presented, designed for use as a source in a 360 GHz high-field/high-frequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometer—the pulsed Orotron. Analogous to the known continuous wave (cw) version, in the pulsed Orotron microwave radiation is generated by the interaction of a nonrelativistic electron beam with a diffraction grating (stimulated Smith–Purcell radiation) in feedback with an open Fabry–Pérot resonator construction. The presented design extends the cw Orotron by a gate electrode and a high-voltage pulsing unit to control the electron beam current. The generated pulses at 360 GHz have pulse lengths from 100 ns–10 μs and a pulse power of (22±5) mW. The output in a broader frequency band between 320 and 380 GHz ranges from 20 up to 60 mW. Within a 10 μs time slot, incoherent pulse trains of arbitrary duration can be generated. The pulsed Orotron has been incorporated in the quasioptical microwave bridge of a heterodyne induction mode EPR spectrometer. The first free induction decay measurements at a microwave frequency of 360 GHz and a magnetic field of 12.8 T on a polycrystalline perylenyl–ion sample are presented and future applications and extensions of Orotron-EPR spectroscopy are discussed.

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Review of Scientific Instruments  (Volume:75 ,  Issue: 9 )