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We describe a method for measuring the complex impedance of transition-edge-sensor (TES) calorimeters. Using this technique, we measured the impedance of a Mo/Au superconducting transition-edge-sensor calorimeter. The impedance data are in good agreement with our linear calorimeter model. From these measurements, we obtained measurements of unprecedented accuracy of the heat capacity and the gradient of resistance with respect to temperature and current of a TES calorimeter throughout the phase transition. The measurements probe the internal state of the superconductor in the phase transition and are useful for characterizing the calorimeter. © 2004 American Institute of Physics.