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Measurement of the plasma radial electric field by the motional Stark effect diagnostic on JET plasmas

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10 Author(s)
Reyes Cortes, S. ; Departamento de Fı´sica, Associação EURATOM/IST, Universidade da Beira Interior, 6200 Covilhã, Portugal ; Hawkes, N.C. ; Lotte, P. ; Fenzi, C.
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The radial electric field gradient or the E×B flow shear has been pointed out as the underlying mechanism for turbulence suppression, responsible for an internal transport barrier formation in advanced tokamak scenarios. A comprehensive study on these subjects requires a direct measurement of the plasma radial electric field Er. The poloidal component of the magnetic field is assessed by the motional Stark effect (MSE) polarimeter, which is currently a standard diagnostic in fusion devices, allowing a local and nonperturbative measurement of the magnetic pitch angle. A precise measure to the state of polarization of the Stark components gives the information on the direction of the magnetic field. Due to the particular orientation of the Lorentz component, that is nearly perpendicular to Er, the MSE diagnostic is very sensitive to the plasma intrinsic radial electric field. This article describes a technique to measure Er involving the change of the polarization angle of the MSE emission, by using two beam injectors at different energies, firing sequentially. Experimental results for the low Er case, i.e., with very little plasma rotation, showing the ability of the MSE to perform this measurement, will be presented. This is the first time that evidence of a direct measurement of the plasma Er is reported from the Joint European Torus. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.

Published in:

Review of Scientific Instruments  (Volume:74 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Mar 2003

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