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Image enhancement using the modified ICM method

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2 Author(s)
Jaehyun Park ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Polytechnic Univ., Brooklyn, NY, USA ; Kurz, L.

A generalized version of the iterative conditional modes (ICM) method for image enhancement is developed. The proposed algorithm utilizes the characteristic of Markov random fields (MRF) in modeling the contextual information embedded in image formation. To cope with real images, a new local MRF model with a second-order neighborhood is introduced. This model extracts contextual information not only from the intensity levels but also from the relative position of neighboring cliques. Also, an outlier rejection method is presented. In this method, the rejection depends on each candidate's contribution to the local variance. To cope with a mixed noise case, a hypothesis test is implemented as part of the restoration procedure. The proposed algorithm performs signal adaptive, nonlinear, and recursive filtering. In comparing the performance of the new procedure with several well-known order statistic filters, the superiority of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated both in the mean-square-error (MSE) and the mean-absolute-error (MAE) senses. In addition, the new algorithm preserves the details of the images well. It should be noted that the blurring effect is not considered

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 5 )