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This article describes the modeling of transmission line transformers using methods which are analogous to the methods used to analyze both the ac frequency and transient response of conventional transformers. Transformers in which the lines used to construct them are wound inductively, in order to suppress parasitic short circuit paths within the transformers, are analyzed. It is shown that by using this technique the resulting inductive isolation of the secondary circuit from the primary substantially reduces pulse droop and pulse distortion. Despite the apparent complexity of these transformers, a method by which circuit models of these transformers can be deduced is given. From these models very simple equivalent circuits can be derived which can then be used to calculate accurately the performance characteristics of the transformers and, in particular, predict the pulse distortion characteristics of these devices. Different winding configurations are also considered and it is shown that, by the use of mutually coupled winding of the transmission lines in the transformer, it is possible to minimize pulse droop. Finally it is shown that the modeling technique can be used, in modified form, to analyze the ac frequency response of this type of transformer. © 1999 American Institute of Physics.